Gaia Herbs - TurmericBoost Uplift - 5.29 oz. (150 g)
Gaia Herbs TurmericBoost Uplift supports a joyful outlook on life. Mixing whole food Turmeric with extracts of Turmeric and Black Pepper help your body absorb Turmeric's benefits, like promoting a healthy inflammatory response. Support a centered, peaceful feeling with Lemon Balm and Gotu Kola. With no added sugar or flavorings, TurmericBoost Uplift delivers real Vanilla Chai spices in a prebiotic blend to feed the intestinal flora that help keep a body's natural defenses happy.
TurmericBoost Uplift Benefits:
- Support for mind, body and spirit
- Supports a healthy inflammatory response
- Prebiotic blend supports intestinal flora to maintain natural defenses
- Provides daily whole body support
- Made from 100% natural and compostable resources
Cardamom (Elettaria cardamomum)
This member of the Ginger family (Zingiberaceae) hails from India. Interestingly, Guatemala is the largest exporter of Cardamom seedpods today, followed by India. The seeds have an incredibly strong, aromatic, almost intoxicating aroma and while black Pepper was called the King of Spices, Cardamom has been called the Queen. The seeds have been traded as a commodity and are reputed to be the third most expensive spice by weight next to saffron and vanilla. It has found its way into regional cuisine in India, Southeast Asia, China, Finland, and many other countries. One of the most refreshing ways to experience Cardamom is to drink a fine cup of Chai spiced with cardamom. The seeds contain a very high amount of volatile oils, characteristic of so many of the aromatic plants and have been used medicinally as a digestive aid by most cultures.
Traditional cultures and literature reference Cardamom as a Stomachic and Carminative. Both of these functions relate to digestion, the former promoting and assisting digestion and the latter to assist in the expulsion of intestinal gas or the reduction of gas production by the digestive apparatus. The main activity of Cardamom can be attributed to the volatile oils which give it the distinct flavor and aroma. These volatile oils promote the absorption and elimination of gas, while improving digestive function and providing natural support to the intestine.
Cinnamon (Cinnamomum spp.)
Cinnamon bark is the dried inner bark from the shoots of the tree from the Lauraceae family. Ceylon (Cinnamomum zeylanicum), Indonesian (Cinnamomum burmanii), and Chinese cassia (Cinnamomum cassia) are the most commonly found species of commerce. In addition to its thousands of culinary uses across a number of various cultures, it has been used for thousands of years as a carminative, astringent, local stimulant, antiseptic, hemostatic, and is widely used in traditional herbal medicine to support healthy digestion.
The bark of the preferred species (zeylanicum and burmanii) contain up to 10% volatile oil content in which the constituent Cinnamaldehyde is found. Cinnamaldehyde has antioxidant properties and helps support fat and cholesterol levels in a normal range. The phenolic compounds, especially the polyphenolic polymers, have been studied for their effects to support insulin and blood sugar levels within a normal range and promote healthy blood flow. Maintaining healthy blood sugar levels is vital to promoting healthy vision, heart, circulation, kidneys and a healthy nervous system.
Ginger (Zingiber officinale)
Ginger and her cousin Turmeric are proud members of the zingiberaceae family and grow in sub-tropical, volcanic soils in the southern hemispheres. The plant is thought to have originated in tropical Asia and is widely cultivated in the Caribbean and Africa. many cultures report similar uses of this plant. It has been used as a favorite "diffusive" circulatory tonic and warming agent, to calm occasional nausea, and to aid in a healthy immune respiratory response. It has also been used to support a normal inflammatory response. Ginger is one of the most widely consumed aromatic spices on the planet.
The fresh rhizome in Ginger is less hot and contains more of the flavor components such as triterpenoids and volatile oils which act on the peripheries of the body. The dried rhizome is quite hot from its concentration of pungent nonvolatile compounds known as gingerols and acts centrally to dispel what are referred to in Traditional Chinese Medicine as "Cold-Wind" conditions. Ginger has shown in numerous clinical trials to support a healthy inflammatory response and as a beneficial nausea aid. It is thought that Ginger promotes normal production of inflammatory markers which would explain its action on the immune system as well as its ability to promote healthy circulation and inflammatory responses.
Gotu Kola (Centella asiatica)
Gotu kola, a member of the parsley family, is highly regarded in India, perhaps as one of the most spiritual of all herbs. It grows in some areas of the Himalayas where it is used by yogis to improve meditation. It is said to develop the crown chakra which is the energy center at the top of the head and to balance the right and left hemispheres of the brain, which the leaf is said to resemble. It is also regarded as one of the most important rejuvenative herbs in Ayurvedic Medicine.
Because Gotu Kola is a rejuvenative nervine, it is often recommended for balancing the nervous system. Gotu Kola leaf & root contain key constituents that help the body to maintain healthy neurotransmitter function, while also promoting normal levels of mental alertness and a sound memory. Gotu kola also supports the bodys inherent ability to acclimate to temporary stress. Gotu Kola leaf & root have long been used to support the health of skin, hair, and nails in Asia, India and in other native cultures. Numerous clinical trials have shown that Gotu Kola indeed has beneficial dermatologic effects by helping to repair and restore health in the connective tissue that line many of the external surfaces of the body including the scalp and skin. These supportive actions include normalizing integrity of skin tissue and connective tissue maintenance, healthy formation of connective tissue structural components, and healthy keratization of the skin. Because Gotu kola supports healthy connective tissue, it also supports blood vessel strength and integrity as well as normal circulation of blood.
Holy Basil (Ocimum sanctum)
In the Charaka Samhita the consumate text on Ayurveda writen around 1,000BC; Ocimum sanctum is described as "the incomparable one" and is considered to be an incarnation of Tulasi or Vrindavani, a consort of Lord Vishnu. It is considered a symbol of fidelity and helpful in attaining spiritual enlightenment. It has been used to support a healthy response to stress, maintain blood sugar levels within a normal range, promote longevity, nourish the mind and elevate the spirit. Holy Basil exhibits impressive adaptogenic activity. Helping the body adapt to stresses of various kinds, this plant has a normalizing, broad-spectrum action that maintain homeostasis.
As a Rasayana and Adaptogen, Holy Basil maintains equilibrium among biochemicals associated with the stress system in the body. Ursolic, Rosmarinic acids and Eugenol have all shown antioxidant activity and support normal levels of inflammation. Further research is needed to fully determine the exact biochemical activity found in this plant.
Star Anise (Illicium verum)
Star Anise was first introduced to Europe in the 17th century and was mainly used there in baked goods and in fruit compotes and jams, as well as the manufacture of Anise-flavored liqueurs, such as anisette, Galliano, Sambuca and Pernod. It is a major ingredient in Chinese and Vietnamese cuisines as part of “five-spice powder,” which not only acts as a digestive, providing natural relief for digestion, but is also used to flavor curries, tea, pickles, coffee, candy, cough medicines, soft drinks and bakery products. The aromatic oils in the seedpod are also an ingredient in tomb incense in Japan, and perfumery.
It contains anethole, which is the same constituent that gives Anise its distinctive flavor. The Anise flavor is licorice-like, but stronger, and it is an important commercial fruit worldwide, but mostly in Asia, where most of its market is located. Star Anise has long been used in Asian medicines to help promote good digestion. Its warming flavor and calming affect on upset stomach make it a wonderful addition to herbal teas targeting digestive wellness as well as respiratory health. Shikimic acid, a primary feedstock used to create the anti-influenza drug Tamiflu, is produced by most autotrophic organisms, but star anise is the industrial source. In 2005, there was a temporary shortage of star anise due to its use in making Tamiflu. Late in that year, a way was found of making shikimic acid artificially.
Turmeric (Curcuma longa)
Indigenous to Southeastern and Eastern Asia, this perennial member of the Zingiberaceae family has been used for thousands of years as a traditional medicine, coloring agent and spice. Currently India accounts for much of its cultivation. It is known as Shati in Sanskrit. Reports of its use as a medicine go as far back as 600 BC in Assyrian herbal accounts and can also be traced to Greek writings from Dioscorides. It has been used to support healthy digestion, promote cardiovascular health, and support the immune system as well as used topically and in the eyes in Ayurvedic medicine. In Western herbal medicine Turmeric is used as an aromatic bitter and for supporting healthy liver function.
Most of the clinical research has been conducted in-vitro and primarily on animal cells using the isolated constituents. Turmeric extracts have shown considerable pharmacological activity, but the exact modes of its actions are not yet fully understood. Most researchers agree that the basic mechanism of action within Turmeric is its potent antioxidant action. Curcuminoids seem to scavenge for damaging particles in the body known as "free-radicals".
What is the source of Gaia Herbs' alcohol?
Gaia Herbs uses 190-proof distilled alcohol derived from corn and wheat. Gaia also use 190-proof Certified Organic, GMO-free, corn-derived and sugarcane-derived alcohol for all products that are listed as Certified Organic in organic alcohol.
Do the products contain gluten?
There are no gluten containing ingredients in Gaia Herbs' products, with the exception of Reflux Relief (made by Aboca for Gaia Herbs), which contains Barley (listed on the label). 190 proof grain alcohol (from wheat and corn) used for extraction, is distilled and certified gluten-free by the manufacturer. The distillation process eliminates proteins (gluten is a protein). Gaia Herbs' oats (Wild Oats Milky seed) are grown on an organic farm and are not cross contaminated with any gluten containing grains, therefore they are also considered to be gluten-free. The products do not go through a gluten-free certification process.
What is Gaia Herbs' policy on GMOs?
Gaia Herbs is committed to using and supporting only non-GMO materials. Gaia never purchases GMO herbs and/or ingredients, with the exception of non-organic alcohol, which cannot be reliably procured from non-GMO crops. Gaia does a purchasing review to ensure they eliminate the possibility of "hidden" GMO's making their way into the products. Gaia uses a documented certified non-GMO source of soy lecithin, which is used as an emulsifier in some encapsulated products. All herbs propagated and grown on Gaia Herbs' farm are certified organic and therefore GMO free. The seed used in all certified organically grown crops is gathered on their own farm or produced from other certified organic growers and is GMO free. In rare instances where they cannot obtain certified organic seed, Gaia obtains seed from suppliers fully committed to non-GMO practices. Gaia also purchases as many organic and/ or ecologically harvested ingredients as possible to avoid any GMO. Gaia is currently and will continue to do everything possible to ensure that all products are non-GMO.
How long are herbal extracts good for?
Alcohol-based extracts have a 5-year expiration date, and alcohol-free extracts have a 3-year expiration date. The Liquid Phyto-Caps carry a 3-year expiration date. This is based on the date of manufacture. They do not need to be refrigerated to stay viable.
Why does Gaia sometimes extract fresh herbs and other times dried herbs?
Gaia uses fresh herbs when the compounds and actives in those herbs are best extracted fresh. Gaia looks through the windows of science and tradition to determine the best extraction method for each specific plant. Gaia Herbs conducts analytical testing of raw material prior to extraction to verify its potency and purity. Gaia has found that drying certain herbs can concentrate the active constituents, while other times certain herbs - such as Slippery Elm, lose their active principles (in this case mucilage) when dried. One of the major advantages Gaia holds is that they own and operate a 250 acre Certified Organic Farm which allows them to process fresh plant material immediately after harvest. Gaia typically extracts the following herbs when they are fresh: Wild Oats, American Skullcap, Slippery Elm, Alder bark, Marshmallow root, Burdock root, Nettle seed, Black Walnut hulls and the St. Johnswort flower buds used in oils.
What is the best way to store extracts and Phyto-Caps?
The best way to store extracts is in a cool, dry place, out of the sun, like a cupboard or pantry. They do not need to be refrigerated but should be kept from high temperatures. The Phyto-Caps should not be refrigerated and should also be stored in a cool, dry place, away from extremes of temperature.
Why does this extract look different from the last one I bought?
Levels of chemical constituents vary quite naturally. Constituents are affected by growing conditions such as soil, weather, and altitude and by factors such as age of the plant, when it was harvested and where the seed came from. This means that each batch of extract will be slightly different. Extracts that are standardized will have consistent levels of the marker compound but will require varying amounts of plant material to get that level. This may affect the appearance of the extract. There is also the fact that liquid extracts are solutions, which means that the dissolved substance (solute) may fall out of solution, especially considering the high concentration of Gaia's extracts. If this happens, you will see small particles of plant constituents in the extract. Vigorous shaking will often cause the solute to go back into solution.
On the labels under Suggested Use, what does "between meals" mean?
"Between meals" means that for optimal absorption, you should take the product away from food, either half an hour before eating, or 2 hours or more after eating.
Meet Your Herbs
Harvest Protocol Validation
Gaia Herbs harvest protocol validation process ensures the high quality of herbal ingredients, whether grown on site or purchased from outside suppliers. A Harvest Protocol form must be filled out, which details such things as condition of the plant material (fresh or dry); harvest and environmental conditions (harvest date, time, technique, weather conditions); cleaning process; drying processes, etc. and incorporates documentation of Certificates of Authenticity or 3rd party certifications.
Microscopy is a botanical identification technique that utilizes microscopes to identify samples or objects using structural features (cell types, mineral deposits, oil droplets) that cannot be seen with the unaided eye.
Organoleptic refers to any sensory properties of a product, involving appearance, taste, color, odor and feel. Botanical specialists and laboratory scientists, trained in the use of such properties, use organoleptic testing to validate the identity of the herbal ingredients
Gaia's Certified Organic, 250-acre farm (which includes an on-site, state-of-the-art validation laboratory and production facility) is also a "living laboratory", where Gaia studies, observes and learns from nature. Located in the southwestern Blue Ridge Mountains of Western North Carolina (one of the most divers bioregions of North America), Gaia Farm grows over 5 million plants each year, supplying approximately 25% of the herbs Gaia uses in production.
Certified Organic Farmers
Starting close to home with Appalachian regional growers and expanding to bioregions around the world, Gaia works with Certified Organic growers that specialize in crops that Gaia does not grow on their own farm or that supplement their supply. These growers adhere to the same standards for organic cultivation that Gaia does at their farm. Certified Organic Farmers supply nearly 35% of the herbs that Gaia uses in the products.
Land Steward Harvesters
This term represents Gaia's network of ecologically sensitive wild crafters who gather native herbs in the wild and sell them directly to Gaia. Providing nearly 25% of the raw material each year, these individuals must steward the land upon which they harvest promoting ethical and sustainable practices.
Ecologically Harvested is a term that describes all herbs sold by Gaia Herbs that are not certified organic. Ecologically harvested herbs include herbs that are harvested in their natural habitat, (ie: wild harvested) according to specific guidelines for harvesting these herbs (ie: away from roads and industry, as well as guidelines to avoid overharvesting). The term, Ecologically Harvested, also includes herbs that are grown in managed woodland areas, and herbs that are grown by indigenous growers, such as Kava Kava. All ecologically harvested herbs pass pesticide and heavy metal testing as well as microbial testing, prior to release.
Gaia Validated Partner
These partners represent trusted wholesalers and brokers with connections to farmers and wild crafters around the world, beyond their own direct relationships. Gaia requires that these partners - and the individuals they represent, uphold the Gaia Principles of Purity in order to ensure the purity of these raw materials and have a positive effect on the planet and the communities where the herbs are sourced.
Many of the herbs trace to their own Certified Organic farms in North Carolina. Gaia is tracing any non-Gaia Farm-grown herbs to geographical regions within the US and to bioregions within other continental land masses-like Amazonia or Northern Africa-because those are more meaningful to endemic habitats where the herbs naturally occur or to places where they have been grown traditionally for centuries. For example, Kava Kava traces to the Pacific island archipelago region of Oceania and Maca traces to the Andean region of South America.
Why are some source names proprietary?
Over nearly 25 years in herbal manufacturing, Gaia Herbs has cultivated and developed key relationships with certain growers and ingredient suppliers that are proprietary in nature. As botanical supplements have gone more and more mainstream, it has become quite challenging for Gaia Herbs to source premium-quality certified organic and ecologically harvested raw botanical materials beyond what Gaia grows themselves. Gaia recognized when they developed MYH that this program could also be used by market competitors as a sort of "yellow pages directory" to their supply chain. To prevent much larger, much better financed companies from threatening the integrity of the supply chain, Gaia has had to keep certain vendors' names proprietary for the time being. This will change over time due to investments Gaia is making in building internal horticultural supply capacity for most of these ingredients. Gaia welcomes other botanical supplement manufacturers to match Gaia Herbs' transparency commitments, and they welcome the scrutiny of consumers and practitioners to assure that Gaia Herbs' degree of transparency remains unsurpassed.
HPLC stands for High Performance Liquid Chromatography. This technique is used to separate plant extracts into individual chemical constituents, which can then be used for identification purposes (qualitative analysis) or to measure the amount of chemical or chemicals present in the extract (quantitative analysis). HPLC is used to identify raw materials and determine biomarker concentrations.
The NeoGen Soleris instrument monitors total bacteria, yeast and mold, and E.coli analyses in an automated platform. Raw materials and finished products are processed and added to Soleris - specific vials that contain microbial growing medium. If the introduced sample contains microbes, they begin to grow and cause a color change in the growing medium solution. The instrument detects the change in color and assigns a "fail" to that sample. If no color change occurs, then the sample is assigned a "pass".
GC/MS stands for Gas Chromatography/Mass Spectrometry. At Gaia, the primary role of the GC/MS is the testing of all raw herbs for a wide array of pesticides. GC/MS utilizes a combination of gas phase and liquid phase separation of the raw herb extract. This method separates all chemical constituents and then analyzes them by the equally powerful Mass Spectrometer, which allows the lab to search for individual pesticides in the raw herb.
UV-VIS stands for Ultra Violet - Visible Spectroscopy, which is a process that uses light absorption in the visible range and adjacent ranges of the color spectrum to detect a class of phyto-chemicals of herbal materials. This technique is used for determining the concentration of biomarker(s) in extracts without chromatographic separation.
A biomarker is a chemical within a plant extract that is used to either identify a plant extract (i.e. a chemical or group of chemicals that are specific to that plant) or to gauge the medicinal quality of an herb (i.e the biomarker is known to be the biologically active ingredient or medicine).
Biomarker concentration refers to the amount of a biomarker present in a given quantity of raw material (herb) or extract.
This stands for Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectrometry. This machine is the centerpiece of Gaia's heavy metals testing. This powerful technique is capable of observing a wide range of metal at quantities as low as nanograms of metals in a sample. The ICP-MS allows Gaia to obtain precise and sensitive data for all materials in a high speed manner. The plasma vaporizes all the material and breaks it down to the atomic level. The mass spectrometer is then able to detect all atoms of interest.
How Gaia Herbs moves beyond "standardization"
The term "standardized" in botanical extracts refers to delivering a consistent, measurable concentration of a recognized phyto-constituent in a botanical dietary supplement product. This is necessary because the natural variability in herbal products-due to geographical, seasonal, horticultural, and post-harvest handling factors-causes natural variability in the quality and potency of finished herbal products. Herbs like Milk Thistle, St. John's Wort, and Echinacea are often standardized to guaranteed marker compound concentrations to provide the end consumer a therapeutically meaningful dose. However, "standardization" can also mean that herbal products provide these marker compounds at the expense of the natural array of phyto-chemistry that nature has co-evolved into the herb. This can occur with herbal products that have been overly refined, purified, or even "spiked" with marker compound. Gaia Herbs uses only safe, ingestible, non-GMO grain alcohol and water as solvents in liquid extract manufacturing. Gaia uses only low-temperature/low-pressure methods to concentrate herbal extracts to their desired marker concentration levels, ensuring that the full spectrum of available phyto-chemistry remains in a fluid state throughout the manufacturing process. This full-spectrum array is then validated using state-of-the-art laboratory analytical techniques like HPLC and GC/MS to ensure the finished product retains this composition.
About Gaia Herbs
Gaia's mission is to bring vitality to -and create a connection between -plants and people. Their goal is larger than simply producing high-quality, potent herbal products. As steward of coevolution -the knowledge that plants and people have evolved together on Earth, forming a symbiotic connection as a result- Gaia is committed to leading the way in fostering the connection between plant and people. Gaia believes they must do all that they can to preserve the Plant Intelligence within each herb. Gaia must "plant intelligence" for the future. And they must continue to learn from Nature and encourage the sharing of this knowledge with others.
How Gaia proceed forward in accordance with the virtues of harmony is as important as what they produce. At Gaia Herb, they hold themselves- and everything they produce- accountable to the virtues of purity, integrity, and potency. These are the pillars supporting their belief, their actions, and their commitment.
Each herb must be cultivated in accordance with nature's intent. In order to deliver herbal medicines of assured purity, Gaia adheres to a stringent set of principles-rules they uphold as a company at Gaia Farm, and that their Certified Organic Farmers, Land Steward Harvesters, and Validated Partners must also follow.
These basic tenets are the foundation of the Gaia Principles of Purity-processes and protocols beneficial to both plants and people:
- They strive to procure all seeds and plants from sources whose organic methods and plant quality can be verified.
- They adhere to strict Certified Organic cultivation practices and meticulous crop monitoring-and require the same of their Certified Organic Farmers.
- They actively promote growing, harvesting, wild crafting, and purchasing practices that protect land ecosystems and enable the indigenous communities that grow and gather for them to achieve a more sustainable life.
- For crops that they do not grow, Gaia purchases their raw material from forest trade communities, indigenous growers, harvesters, and Validated Partners with a firm conviction to promote social sustainability in local communities and indigenous cultures.
- They uphold ethical business practices, both locally and around the world, to expand their sphere of influence beyond the acreage of Gaia Farm.
As Gaia creates herbal medicines, they must ensure the fullest possible expression of each herb. As herbal ingredients move through the production process, they are committed to using the right extraction technology and ideal concentration methods to act in accordance with the physical properties of the herb. With every herb that they process in their GMP compliant facility they apply only Full Spectrum processing technology. Their full spectrum processing involves choosing the ideal extraction and concentration methods to maintain the integrity of each individual plant. They do not isolate or purify a single active plant compound all on its own, nor are chemical or synthetic compounds ever added to their extracts. Instead, they deliver the complete natural array of the plant's compounds as intended by Nature, in order to facilitate the optimal physiological cascade of benefits within the body.
- Right + Right Method
The structure and nature of every plant is unique. To preserve the integrity of these chemical constituents during extraction, Gaia must choose the right method for the right herb, every time.
For some herbs, the bioactive constituents are water-soluble, and can be extracted by dissolving them in water, like making tea. For others, they use organic hydroethanolic extraction that utilizes water in combination with pure, food-grade grain alcohol, carefully adjusting alcohol and water ratios to capture the plant's bioactive constituents while preserving the full chemical spectrum the plant has to offer.
When delivering a medicinal benefit requires capturing the fat-soluble constituents of an herb, they use herbs extracted by a supercritical extraction technique. This process uses compressed carbon dioxide (CO2)-one of the basic elements of our atmosphere, and the "oxygen" that plants breathe and absorb-to gently extract the bioactive constituents, with no stress or damage to the herb, and no chemical-solvent residue.
In some cases, they must use more than one extraction method to ensure that they have preserved and collected the most complete representation of the plant's vital constituents. Regardless of the method selected, they never add hexane, acetone, methylene chloride, or other harsh chemical solvents. Food-grade grain alcohol, purified water, and carbon dioxide are their only diluents for internally consumed products-and Certified Organic extra-virgin olive oil is their solvent of choice for herbal salves and oil products.
- Low + Low Method
Once the bioactive constituents of the herbs have been extracted, the extracts are then highly concentrated with Gaia's meticulous low + low method-low temperature in combination with low atmospheric pressure-to protect the fragile, subtle vital forces of each plant.
Preserving the full chemical makeup of what they worked so hard to capture requires a slow, careful concentration technique involving low temperature and low atmospheric pressure.
Their low + low method of concentration uses a low atmospheric pressure of 24 millibars (versus the Earth's standard sea level pressure of 1,013.25 millibars) that allows the water and alcohol to evaporate slowly (much more slowly than other conventional concentration methods), while a low temperature of 60°C (140°F, nearly 75° below water's boiling point of 212°F/100°C) prevents any volatile, subtle, natural compounds from being damaged. As it evaporates, the organic grain alcohol is recaptured and purified, creating a closed-loop system in which no alcohol evaporates into the environment.
Potency: Purity + Integrity = Potency
The result of an unwavering commitment to purity and integrity.
Plant Intelligence is nature's way of delivering vitality to people. This is true potency. But potency can only be assured when Gaia maintains the herb's entire chain of custody in order to guarantee that the highest levels of purity and integrity have been preserved.
Improper handling at any step can damage Plant Intelligence and compromise potency. Some companies grow or source their herbs in all the right places, only to use harsh chemical solvents for extraction or extremely high temperatures for concentration. Conversely, they may use the best extraction and concentration methods-but are limited by raw materials that are contaminated or compromised from poor cultivation, harvesting, or sourcing.
Potency is a result of Gaia's strict adherence to responsible practices with every herb they source, combined with the use of the right + right method of extraction and low + low method of concentration, plus careful maintenance of the purity and integrity of each individual plant.