Detailed Product Ingredients
Vitamin A is essential for vision, especially night vision, as well as for maintaining the integrity of the surface linings of the eyes and of the respiratory, urinary, and intestinal tracts. It is necessary for immune system functioning, bone growth and development, and cellular differentiation, growth, and repair. Vitamin A also plays a role in reproduction, via embryonic development and regulation of adult genes.
Vitamin C is a very effective antioxidant; it protects proteins, fats, carbohydrates, and DNA and RNA from damage by free radicals. Vitamin C may also be able to regenerate other antioxidants such as vitamin E. Vitamin C is required for the synthesis of collagen, an important component of blood vessels, tendons, ligaments, and bone.
The major function of vitamin D is to maintain normal blood levels of calcium and phosphorus. Because it promotes calcium absorption, vitamin D helps to form and maintain strong bones. Vitamin D also works as a cofactor with many other vitamins, minerals, and hormones to promote bone health. Research also suggests that vitamin D may help maintain a healthy immune system and help regulate cell growth and differentiation.
Antioxidants such as vitamin E act to protect cells against the effects of free radicals, which are potentially harmful by-products of energy metabolism. Free radicals may also be involved in the development of heart disease and cancer. Vitamin E also plays a role in immune function and in DNA repair, as well as other metabolic processes.
Thiamin is involved in many body functions, including: nervous system and muscle functioning; the flow of electrolytes in and out of nerve and muscle cells; many enzyme processes; carbohydrate metabolism; and production of hydrochloric acid (vital for proper digestion).
Riboflavin is also known as B2, and is involved in many vital metabolic processes in the body. Riboflavin helps the body in energy production by releasing energy from carbohydrates. It is also important for optimal body growth, red blood cell production, enzyme function, and normal fatty acid and amino acid synthesis.
Niacin is a vitamin required by the body for health, growth and reproduction; it is also known as Vitamin B3. Niacin assists in the functioning of the digestive system, skin, and nerves, and works in converting food to energy.
Vitamin B6 performs a variety of functions necessary for good health. It is needed for more than 100 enzymes involved in protein metabolism, and is necessary for healthy red blood cell metabolism. B6 is used to convert tryptophan, an amino acid, to niacin, and is also used by the nervous and immune systems to function efficiently. Because of its roles in protein metabolism and cell growth, B6 is vital to the immune system and also helps the body to maintain a normal blood glucose level.
Folic acid, the synthetic form of folate, is a B vitamin. It helps the body produce and maintain new cells, which are vital during periods of rapid cell growth, such as pregnancy. Folate is necessary for the body to make DNA and RNA, the building blocks of cells. It also helps prevent alterations in DNA that can lead to cancer. Children, as well as adults, need folate to produce red blood cells and prevent anemia.
Vitamin B12, also known as cobalamin, helps to keep nerve cells and red blood cells healthy. It is also needed to help make DNA.Vitamin B12 attaches to the protein in food; hydrochloric acid in the stomach is responsible for releasing B12 from proteins in foods during the digestive process. Once B12 is released, it is combined with gastric intrinsic factor and is absorbed in the intestinal tract.
Biotin is an essential B vitamin required by the body