Bausch and Lomb PreserVision AREDS Formula - 120 Tablets
Bausch and Lomb PreserVision Eye Vitamins AREDS Formula is the only vitamin and mineral formula proven clinically effective in the National Eye Institute's Age-Related Eye Study (AREDS) 10-year trial. Bausch and Lomb PreserVision Eye Vitamins AREDS Formula is a high-potency antioxidant supplement with select vitamins and minerals at levels that are well above those in ordinary multi-vitamins and generally cannot be attained through diet alone.
Age-Related Eye Disease Study (AREDS)
The Age-Related Eye Disease Study, called "AREDS" for short, was a major landmark medical study sponsored by the National Eye Institute, one of the federal government's National Institutes of Health. It closely followed about 3,600 participants with varying stages of AMD to see if taking high levels of antioxidant vitamins and zinc over a long period could reduce the risk of developing advanced AMD.
The landmark AREDS study showed that patients diagnosed with moderate to advanced AMD who are most at risk for progression to advanced disease decreased that risk by 25% and reduced the risk of AMD-associated vision loss by 19% by taking a high-potency antioxidant and mineral supplement every day.
The supplement tested and clinically proven effective in the AREDS study was the original Bausch & Lomb PreserVision Eye Vitamin AREDS Formula Tablets.
Age-Related Eye Disease Study 2 (AREDS2)
Emerging scientific research suggests that there may be other nutrients that may also have a protective effect in AMD. These new nutrients are lutein, zeaxanthin, and omega-3 fatty acids. When AREDS was started, lutein and zeaxanthin were not readily available, so they were not tested in the study. Now, many researchers believe that lutein and zeaxanthin may be more significant for macular health.
A second nationwide study is currently underway called AREDS2. This is being conducted to determine whether these new nutrients - taken in combination with the antioxidants and minerals tested in the original AREDS study - can further slow the progression of AMD and the associated vision loss.
What is AMD?
Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is a disease associated with aging that gradually destroys sharp, central vision. Central vision is needed for seeing objects clearly and for common daily tasks such as reading and driving.
AMD affects the macula, the part of the eye that allows you to see fine detail. AMD causes no pain. In some cases, AMD advances so slowly that people notice little change in their vision. In others, the disease progresses faster and may lead to a loss of vision in both eyes. AMD is a leading cause of vision loss in Americans 60 years of age and older.
AMD occurs in two forms: wet and dry.
What is the macula?
The macula is located in the center of the retina, the light-sensitive tissue at the back of the eye. The retina instantly converts light, or an image, into electrical impulses. The retina then sends these impulses, or nerve signals, to the brain.
What causes AMD?
While the exact cause is unknown, the primary risk factors for AMD include:
- Modifiable risk factors:
- High cholesterol
- Poor diet/nutrition
- Exposure to UV light
- Non-modifiable risk factors:
- Light skin or eye color
What is dry AMD?
Dry AMD occurs when the light-sensitive cells in the macula slowly break down, gradually blurring central vision in the affected eye. As dry AMD gets worse, you may see a blurred spot in the center of your vision. Over time, as less of the macula functions, central vision is gradually lost in the affected eye.
The most common symptom of dry AMD is slightly blurred vision. You may have difficulty recognizing faces. You may need more light for reading and other tasks. Dry AMD generally affects both eyes, but vision can be lost in one eye while the other eye seems unaffected.
One of the most common early signs of dry AMD is drusen.
What are drusen?
Drusen are yellow deposits under the retina. They often are found in people over age 60. Your eye care professional can detect drusen during a comprehensive dilated eye exam.
Drusen alone do not usually cause vision loss. In fact, scientists are unclear about the connection between drusen and AMD. They do know that an increase in the size or number of drusen raises a person's risk of developing either advanced dry AMD or wet AMD. These changes can cause serious vision loss.
Dry AMD has three stages, all of which may occur in one or both eyes:
- Early AMD. People with early AMD have either several small drusen or a few medium-sized drusen. At this stage, there are no symptoms and no vision loss.
- Intermediate AMD. People with intermediate AMD have either many medium-sized drusen or one or more large drusen. Some people see a blurred spot in the center of their vision. More light may be needed for reading and other tasks.
- Advanced Dry AMD. In addition to drusen, people with advanced dry AMD have a breakdown of light-sensitive cells and supporting tissue in the central retinal area. This breakdown can cause a blurred spot in the center of your vision. Over time, the blurred spot may get bigger and darker, taking more of your central vision. You may have difficulty reading or recognizing faces until they are very close to you.
What is wet AMD?
Wet AMD occurs when abnormal blood vessels behind the retina start to grow under the macula. These new blood vessels tend to be very fragile and often leak blood and fluid. The blood and fluid raise the macula from its normal place at the back of the eye. Damage to the macula occurs rapidly.
With wet AMD, loss of central vision can occur quickly. Wet AMD is also known as advanced AMD.
How is AMD detected?
Your eye care professional may suspect AMD if you are over age 60 and have had recent changes in your central vision. To look for signs of the disease, he or she will use eye drops to dilate, or enlarge, your pupils. Dilating the pupils allows your eye care professional to view the back of the eye better.
AMD is detected during a comprehensive eye exam that includes:
- Visual acuity test. This eye chart test measures how well you see at various distances.
- Dilated eye exam. Drops are placed in your eyes to widen, or dilate, the pupils. Your eye care professional uses a special magnifying lens to examine your retina and optic nerve for signs of AMD and other eye problems. After the exam, your close-up vision may remain blurred for several hours.
Your eye care professional also may do other tests to learn more about the structure and health of your eye.
Steps you can take to help maintain eye health
There are many proactive steps you can take to help maintain your eye health after a diagnosis of AMD. Here are a few:
- See your eye care professional regularly - Changes in eye health may occur without notice. Only a qualified eye care professional can detect these changes. Early detection increases the treatment options available to you.
- Eat a healthy diet - Eat a diet rich with fruits, green leafy vegetables, and healthy fats.
- Quit smoking - Smoking exposes your eyes to high levels of oxidative stress and increases your risk of developing AMD.
- Control your weight, cholesterol, and blood pressure - Obesity and high levels of cholesterol and blood pressure have all been linked to AMD.
- Protect your eyes from ultraviolet (UV) rays - Overexposure to the sun's harmful UV rays has long been known to be detrimental to eye health and can lead to AMD.
Knowing what to look for means you can take early action.
Early detection is critical for effective treatment of age-related macular degeneration (AMD). And since neither the dry or wet form of the disease causes any pain, it's important to know the symptoms to look for, and visit your eye care professional regularly.
Common symptoms of dry AMD
Blurred vision - As fewer cells in the macula are able to function, you may see details less clearly in your central vision, such as faces or words in a book. This blurred vision will often go away in brighter light.
Non-seeing areas in central vision - If the loss of these light-sensing cells becomes great, you may see small - but growing - non-seeing areas or scotomas in the center of your vision.
Common symptoms of wet AMD
Straight lines appear crooked - When fluid from leaking blood vessels gathers and lifts the macula, it can distort your vision and make straight lines - like door frames - appear bent or crooked.
Non-seeing areas in central vision - With progressive wet AMD, significant loss of light-sensing cells in the macula, non-seeing areas may develop in your straight-ahead vision, which can result in the loss of central vision.
About Bausch and Lomb
Bausch and Lomb is solely dedicated to protecting and enhancing the gift of sight for millions of people around the world - from the moment of birth through every phase of life. Their mission is simple yet powerful: Helping you see better to live better.
The company is one of the best-known and most respected healthcare brands in the world, offering the widest and finest range of eye health products including contact lenses and lens care products, pharmaceuticals, intraocular lenses and other eye surgery products.
Their highest priority is the well-being of the people we serve. By listening to customers and patients, by constantly honing our innovation edge, by executing with integrity and excellence, they strive to earn the trust of partners and stakeholders.
Over the last 150 years, Bausch and Lomb has become a global hallmark for innovation and quality. Their talented and motivated colleagues work relentlessly to invent new materials, engineer new technologies, and ultimately bring new innovations to help people see better to live better.