Tisserand Aromatherapy Bath Oil De-Stress Organic Lavender, Marjoram & Mandarin - 3.3 oz. (100ml)
Tisserand Aromatherapy Bath Oil De-Stress Organic Lavender, Marjoram & Mandarin contains organic & ethically harvested essential oils. Helps to restore harmony, calm and wellbeing. Provides a retreat from everyday stresses, for total wind down. De-luxe skin conditioning, rich in vitamins and antioxidants. Gentle enough for all skin types. Free from synthetic fragrances, SLES & parabens.
- Helps to restore harmony, calm and wellbeing
- Provides a retreat from everyday stresses, for total wind down
- Restful organic lavender oil
- Soothing organic marjoram oil
- Balancing organic mandarin oil
Personal Care - Frequently Asked Questions
Are the essential oils used in Tisserand products organic?
Most of the essential oils used in Tisserand products are organic; those that are not are either wild crafted or ethically harvested. This means that they are derived from plants that are grown free from man-made fertilisers, herbicides or pesticides; are gathered from their natural wild habitat; or cultivated in such a way to avoid depletion. Full a more detailed explanation, please refer to the Essential Oils FAQ section.
Do you use fair trade ingredients?
Some of our vegetable oils and butters come from Africa or South America, purchased on a fair trade basis. This means that they are produced through a trade programme, which focuses on organisations that produce commercially viable products that benefit their community.
Why are pure essential oils superior to synthetic fragrances in personal care products?
Since they are derived from plants, pure essential oils are entirely natural and have their own unique therapeutic properties. Although synthetic fragrances are often said to be identical to the same chemical as it occurs in nature, this is in fact not the case. Synthetic chemicals are never 100% pure and generally contain 1-10% of impurities. They are a poor choice because, unlike the distillation of essential oils, manufacturing aroma-chemicals is an energy consuming and sometimes wasteful procedure that usually involves quite a number of sequential chemical processes. The main starting materials for manufacture are wood pulp and petroleum, which is not particularly environmentally friendly. Commercial fragrances often contain synthetic musks that do not biodegrade and thus accumulate in the environment, especially waterways, where they can affect fish and other aquatic life. Additionally, they often contain phthalates, which contribute to the body burden of foreign toxic molecules.
What percentage of essential oil is included in Tisserand products?
Most of our products contain between 1 and 5% of essential oil. The precise amount in each product is determined by safety considerations of the essential oils used, the function of the product, and the percentage required to make the product effective.
Do Tisserand products contain herbal extracts?
Herbal extracts - the majority of which are organic - are used in most of our products. They enhance the performance of the product, as they work in synergy with the essential oils. They also have their own therapeutic benefits - they can be soothing, refreshing, cleansing, astringent, deodorising, conditioning, moisturising, toning, softening or firming. More importantly, their antioxidant properties help reduce free radical damage to the skin or hair.
Do Tisserand products contain SLES (Sodium Lauryl Ether Sulfate)?
Tisserand products do not contain SLS or SLES. Instead, we use alternatives such as ALS (ammonium lauryl sulfate); derived from coconut oil, this delivers foam that is mild to the skin.
Do Tisserand products contain Parabens?
Tisserand products do not contain parabens. The alternatives that we use (chlorphenesin, potassium sorbate, sodium benzoate, to name a few) are just as effective in terms of microbiological /challenge testing, and are often milder to the skin.
What other ingredients are your products free from?
Tisserand products do not contain ingredients that we consider to be unsound, such as phthalates, mineral oil, paraffin wax, synthetic dyes and pigments, triclosan, BHA, propylene glycol, triethanolamine, aluminium compounds or any animal derived ingredients, such as lanolin or beeswax. We constantly update our formulas to keep up with market trends and demands, researching and using new ingredient alternatives that are mild to the skin and, where possible, kinder to the environment.
Can I use Tisserand personal care products whilst pregnant?
Our personal care products are all safe to use in pregnancy.
Are Tisserand products tested on animals?
Our products and ingredients are not tested on animals by or for Tisserand. In fact, the ingredients are suitable for vegetarians and vegans, and are registered by the Vegan Society.
It was Robert Tisserand's mother who first introduced him to aromatherapy, leading to a passion for the subject that continues to this day.
Robert was already practicing spiritual healing at the age of 15, but it was at the age of 17, on a train taking him back to boarding school, that he decided he wanted to share the benefits of essential oils with others, to improve their health and happiness. His vision was to bring essential oil based products into everyone's home. There was nothing like this available at that time, but it was the 1960s, and the winds of change were blowing!
After years of studying and practicing as a massage therapist and healer, Robert started the Aromatic Oil Company in 1974 from his bedroom in a house in South London. During the next eleven years, despite financial struggle and discouragement from others, Robert hand-bottled the oils, hand-wrote the label for each bottle and packed the parcels that he would dispatch to customers every Saturday morning from his local post office.
Having taken eight years to write it, Robert's first book - The Art of Aromatherapy - was published in 1977. In his book, Robert talks about nature, life force, the planets and the elements. This was a seminal piece of work, because it was a non-scientific counterpart to the only aromatherapy book in the world at that time - The Practice of Aromatherapy - written by a French doctor, Jean Valnet.
It was in 1985 that a new company, Tisserand Aromatherapy Products Ltd., was formed, allowing Robert to act as essential oil and formulations consultant, fully utilizing his years of experience; he continues in this role to this day. He still writes books that sell all over the world, such as Aromatherapy for Everyone and Essential Oil Safety - the first definitive reference guide for the aromatherapy industry on the safe use and application of over 300 essential oils.
The product range has expanded enormously since its humble beginnings, but what continues to matter to us - as it did to Robert some 45 years ago - is the enhancement of people's well-being. This is what drives our commitment to keep on delivering outstanding products based on ethical aromatherapy principles, and it is this quest for the best that has stood the test of time.
How to Use Essential Oils
Research on odor reveals that we respond emotionally to smell more than any of our other senses. Because of this, aromatherapy enables us to benefit from the special properties of pure essential oils that are derived from the odoriferous parts of plants. There are various ways to use essential oils, whether for their therapeutic properties, to enhance well-being, or purely for pleasure:
There is nothing quite like a massage to make you feel soothed or energized. As pure essential oils should not be applied directly to the skin, they need to be diluted first. To do this, mix up to 5 drops of pure essential oil, or blend of oils, per 10 mls (two teaspoons) of vegetable oil or lotion blending base.
Bathing with pure essential oils is one of the easiest and most enjoyable forms of therapy. Just before getting into a full bath, add 8-10 drops of essential oil, or blend of oils, then agitate the water to disperse. While you relax in the bath, the skin absorbs a small amount of oil and the heat of the water slowly evaporates the rest.
The evaporative properties of pure essential oils make them ideal for use in a vaporizer. To create the ambience of your choice, simply add 6-12 drops of your favorite essential oil to your Tisserand vaporizer - perfect for the home or workplace.
Some pure essential oils, such as eucalyptus with its wonderful clearing properties, are ideal for inhalation. Add 3-5 drops of pure essential oil to a bowl of very hot (not boiling) water and inhale the vapor for 5-10 minutes. If this method is not convenient, simply add 1-2 drops of essential oil to a tissue and inhale - ideal if you are out and about.
History of Aromatherapy
According to the orthodox view of history, civilization began with the ancient Egyptians some 5300 years ago. The oldest pyramid was built in the third dynasty, around 3000 BC, by King Zoser's chief architect, Imhotep, who was also astronomer and physician to the King. He certainly did much to advance medical knowledge, and since infused oils and aromatic unguents used were so often in Egyptian medicine, we could probably justifiably label him as the grandfather of aromatherapy.
One of the earliest and most celebrated aromatic formulas was a mixture of sixteen aromatics, known as kyphi. We cannot be sure of the exact ingredients, but most experts agree that it contained myrrh, juniper, cinnamon, spikenard, frankincense, saffron and cassia, among others. It must have been very popular; as well as being used in temples, kyphi was burned in the house to make it smell sweet and used as a perfume for the body and clothes (later used as a liquid perfume by both Greeks and Romans). Kyphi was also employed as a medicine. According to Plutarch, a Greek historian, "Its aromatic substances lull to sleep, allay anxieties and brighten dreams. It is made of things that delight most in the night," making it the original "opium of the masses."
When one of the sealed flasks discovered when the tomb of Tutankhamun was opened in 1922, it contained an unguent that, after 3300 years, still had a perceptible odor. Analysis revealed the presence of frankincense and spikenard. Perhaps this is the only surviving bottle of the world's first perfume.
It has been recorded that 5000 years ago the Chinese living along the banks of the Yellow River were using calamus roots and mugwort leaves as hygiene aids. We know that aromatic herbs and massage were being made use of in China during this early period, and we could speculate that they learned to make infused oils, and so combined the two.
A significant piece of work, dated at around 2650 BC, is the Yellow Emperor's Classic of Internal Medicine, which contains references to massage as well as the basis for acupuncture. However, the oldest surviving medical text in China is Shen Nung's Herbal, dated at around 2700 BC, which contains information on 365 plants.
The oldest form of Indian medicine is known as Ayurvedic, meaning "knowledge of longevity." Nobody can be sure exactly how old it is, but it has been practiced for at least 4000 years and is still widely used in India today. One of its principal aspects is aromatic massage, where essential oils - especially sandalwood - are used. Ayurvedic literature from 2000 BC records Indian doctors administering oils of cinnamon, ginger, myrrh, coriander, spikenard and sandalwood to their patients.
Greece and Rome
The ancient Greeks further sophisticated the use of aromatic oils and ointments, employing them cosmetically and medicinally as well as for their fragrance. Marestheus, a physician, was possibly the first to recognize that aromatic flowers have either stimulating or sedative properties. He mentions rose and hyacinth as being refreshing and invigorating to a tired mind, and lily and narcissus as sleep inducing.
Pedanius Dioscorides wrote a magnificent treatise on herbal medicine during the first century AD. His book remained a standard medical reference work in Western medicine for over 1000 years after his death, and much of our present knowledge of medicinal herbs originates from Dioscorides. His book has five sections, one of which deals with aromatics and contains a wealth of aromatherapeutic information. Many of the remedies he discusses are still used in aromatherapy today.
Hippocrates lived some 500 years before Dioscorides, about 2500 years ago. In his Aphorisms, we find a rare reference to aromatics: "Aromatic baths are useful in the treatment of female disorders." He was also keen on massage: "The physician must be experienced in many things, but assuredly in rubbing... for rubbing can bind a joint that is too loose, and loosen a joint that is too rigid." Although Hippocrates is often referred to as the father of medicine, it would be more fitting to dub him the father of holistic medicine.
Undoubtedly, it was the Romans who celebrated aromatic materials with sheer decadence. They bathed with them several times a day, while massage also played a large part in the culture. Oils were used to scent the hair, body and even the bed. The most beautiful oils available were blended by highly skilled perfumers, creating celebrated fragrances that were broken down into three categories: "ladysmata" (a solid unguent), "stymmata" (a scented oil) and "diapasmata" (a powdered perfume).
There are many Biblical references to aromatics. At the birth of Jesus, frankincense and myrrh were offered, while at the last supper Mary Magdalene anointed Jesus's feet with "much costly Spikenard and the smell filled the house."
The Middle East
The aromatic oils used up until the 10th century were infused oils, made by mixing the aromatic plant with a fatty oil and warming it. However, essential oils cannot be separated by this method. The invention of distillation is credited to the Persians, in particular to a physician and alchemist called Ibn Sina, known in the West as Avicenna (980-1037 AD). Perfumed waters had been in use for many centuries, produced by a primitive method of distillation. Rose water was by far the most popular - used for medicinal purposes as well as to flavor culinary delicacies - and the Persians exported it to China, India and Europe.
Avicenna sophisticated and refined the process of extracting pure essential oils and it is said that his first successful distillations were made from rosa centifolia. This development led to an even greater popularity for rose water and for the "perfumes of Araby." The Arabs made great advances in chemistry at around this time, and also discovered how to make alcohol. With both alcohol and essential oils, the production of perfumes without a heavy oily base became possible for the first time. This new perfumery used violets, lilies, narcissi and lotus flowers, as well as roses.
Interest in the therapeutic applications of essential oils was relatively small, but aromatherapy as we know it today was quietly being born. Avicenna, like Hippocrates and Dioscorides, was one of the great physicians of his time. In the "Materia Medica" section of his book, the Canon of Medicine, he refers to many essential oils, including cinnamon, coriander, clove, aniseed, dill, chamomile, juniper and peppermint. Although not a great believer in massage, Avicenna did recommend it for some conditions: to prepare the body for exercise, to increase or decrease body weight, to give tone to the body, and for infants and the very old.
Although the earliest Saxon book dealing with herbs, The Leechbook of Bald, dates from about 900 AD, it wasn't until the fourteenth century that the first European comprehensive work on infused oils was written. Simply titled An Herbal, it describes using oils for arthritis, gout, muscular aches, wounds and sores and in the aid of both conception and birth. Although the knowledge of distillation had reached Europe several hundred years earlier, it was not until the invention of printing in the early 1500s that distillation books (and therefore the knowledge) really spread in Europe.
During the sixteenth century essential oils were in great demand for their perfume... people hardly ever bathed and clothes were rarely cleaned. Instead, powders, fragrant waters and alcoholic perfumes were liberally splashed around. It was at this time that the plague hit Europe, so lavender, chamomile, basil, melissa and thyme were commonly strewn and trodden on, both for their disinfectant and aromatic qualities. This century also saw a great step forward for aromatherapy, mainly in Germany; the central figure being a man called Hieronymus Braunschweig, a physician who wrote several books on distillation, and some on surgery. He wrote about essential oils, including rosemary, lavender, clove, cinnamon, myrrh and nutmeg.
The seventeenth and eighteenth centuries were the "golden age" of the herbalist (most notably Nicholas Culpeper), with essential oils being part of the regular repertoire of remedies. It was a time of pestilence, pomanders and yet more perfumes, although only a few brave souls revived interest in the lost art of taking a bath! The second visitation of the plague came in 1603 and lasted until the Great Fire of London in 1666 (we know that essential oils are antiseptic, so there was nothing better available to seventeenth century man). From 1650 there developed a gradual split between those physicians who increasingly used chemical drugs and those who remained faithful to herbs. The herbalists eventually fell from grace; however, both groups continued to use essential oils.
By the 18th century, big country houses in Europe often had their own "still room" where the "still room maid" distilled aromatic oils and waters from plants grown on the estate, and then used them in fragrances, toiletries, medicines and even foods. The fragrances and toiletries also had beneficial properties ascribed to them. In some ways the still room maid was an early European version of an aromatherapist.
During the nineteenth century, the "doctor's bag" contained his standard remedies, including a few essential oils, although these were used less and less during the second part of the century. However, somebody drew attention to the low incidence of tuberculosis in the flower growing districts of France, particularly in the south. It was also noted that most of the workers who processed the fragrant herbs and flowers remained quite free from respiratory diseases. This led, in 1887, to the first recorded laboratory test on the antibacterial properties of essential oils.
In the twentieth century, it was a French cosmetic chemist, René-Maurice Gattefossé, who coined the term "aromatherapy" in 1937. He discovered the effectiveness of lavender oil on burns, after injuring his hand in a small laboratory explosion and subsequently treating it with the oil. The Second World War brought the progress of aromatherapy to a standstill, with one notable exception. A certain Dr. Jean Valnet, greatly influenced by the work of Gattefossé, used essential oils as antiseptics in the treatment of war wounds. After the war he continued using oils in his capacity as a doctor and, in 1964, published Aromathérapie (now available in English). There are several establishments in France where medical doctors can learn aromatherapy, and some 1500 general practitioners now prescribe essential oils.
It was in 1977 that Robert Tisserand wrote the first book in English on the subject - The Art of Aromatherapy. This best selling book, now translated into 11 languages and sold all over the world, has been referred to as the"standard reference work since it was published." Tisserand has also written Aromatherapy For Everyone (1987) and Essential Oil Safety with Tony Balacs (1995); the latter being the first definitive reference guide for the aromatherapy industry on the safe use and application of over 300 essential oils. Robert is widely acknowledged as a modern day aromatherapy pioneer, paving the way for education in the subject and the growing understanding over the past 30 years of how aromatherapy can benefit our health and wellbeing.