Managing Diabetes with Diet

Managing Diabetes with Diet: Main Image

Best Bets

People with diabetes have the same nutritional needs as people without diabetes. Following basic healthy-eating principles will help you improve your overall health and your ability to manage your blood sugar. Some important things to consider when choosing healthy meals are:

Eat more fiber by:

  • Choosing whole grains like brown rice, quinoa, or whole-wheat pasta instead of processed or refined grains
  • Eating lots of fruits and vegetables. Focus on the non-starchy vegetables such as broccoli, carrots, and spinach
  • Eating dried beans like pinto or black beans and lentils

Lower your fat intake and choose healthier fats by:

  • Eating lean meats, such as loin cuts and skinless poultry
  • Choosing nonfat dairy
  • Eating fish two to three times a week to get adequate amounts of “healthy fats”
  • Cooking with liquid oils instead of solid fats like lard, margarine, or butter; however, choose your oils carefully. Highly unsaturated oils like flaxseed, sunflower, safflower, and possibly even corn oil, soy oil, and canola oil, tend to form lipid peroxides when heated. Lipid peroxides may contribute to heart disease. More-saturated oils like peanut and olive oil are less prone to forming these toxic molecules when heated, and therefore may be safer for cooking
  • Choosing fresh fruit for dessert instead of high calorie cookies, cakes, and ice cream

Pay attention to how many calories you eat in a day by:

  • Opting for water or zero-calorie drinks instead of regular soda, juice, other drinks that contain a lot of added or natural sugar
  • Watching your portion sizes of all foods, even the healthy ones
  • And don’t forget to count the calories in any alcoholic beverages you may drink

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The information presented in Aisle7 is for informational purposes only. It is based on scientific studies (human, animal, or in vitro), clinical experience, or traditional usage as cited in each article. The results reported may not necessarily occur in all individuals. Self-treatment is not recommended for life-threatening conditions that require medical treatment under a doctor's care. For many of the conditions discussed, treatment with prescription or over the counter medication is also available. Consult your doctor, practitioner, and/or pharmacist for any health problem and before using any supplements or before making any changes in prescribed medications. Information expires June 2015.